But they also discovered hundreds of frozen corpses, some as many as two miles away. The killing of mostly unarmed men, women, and children, was the last major encounter between the Sioux and U.S. Army troops, and it could be viewed as the end of the Plains Wars. To understand the events that happened at Wounded Knee, it's important to know that the history between the United States and Native Americans doesn't make the US look like the shining hero it pretends to be. Wounded Knee was a great victory for the Oglala Sioux as well as all other Indian Nations. Wounded Knee Fact 2: The Ghost Dancers quickly increased in number.Wovoka was clear that the Ghost Dance was a peaceful movement and there should be no fighting. Images on the outside and writing by miners on the inside. One band, led by the chief Big Foot, began traveling to meet up with one of the old chiefs of the Sioux, Red Cloud. It began as the American Indians stood against government atrocities, and ended in an armed battle with US Armed Forces. Whitside assured Big Foot his people would not be harmed. That night the Indians set up camp, and the soldiers set up their bivouacs nearby. Google Classroom Facebook Twitter. Among these issues were, police brutality, high unemployment rates, and the Federal Government's policies concerning American Indians. The situation quickly accelerated as soldiers began shooting at the Indians. The British government of Queen Victoria allowed them to live there and did not persecute them in any way. Within days, Eastman traveled with a group to the massacre site to search for survivors. AIM member, Frank Clearwater was killed by heavy machine gun fire, inside Wounded Knee. Wounded Knee was a great victory for the Oglala Sioux as well as all other Indian Nations. The Wounded Knee Massacre, also known as the Battle of Wounded Knee, was a domestic massacre of nearly three hundred Lakota people, by soldiers of the United States Army. ▶ Use the site private messaging system Witnesses to the violent incident recalled a peculiar spectacle: a show horse which had been presented to Sitting Bull years earlier by Buffalo Bill heard the gunfire and must have thought it was back in the Wild West Show. In the confusion, Sitting Bull was then fatally shot by another officer. Sitting Bull, one of the most respected Sioux leaders, led a band of followers across the international border into Canada. The violence at Wounded Knee was rooted in the federal government's reaction to the ghost dance movement, in which a religious ritual centered around dancing became a potent symbol of defiance to white rule. The creek's name recalls an incident when a Native American sustained an injury to his knee during a fight. Though the government investigated, by looking for a mass grave in the area, when none was found the investigation was soon dismissed. For a short period of time in 1973, they were a free people once more. Wounded Knee, The Museum, serves as a memorial to those slaughtered at Wounded Knee Creek, December 28, 1890. And that made the Sioux especially suspicious of actions taken by soldiers who came to confront them over the ghost dance movement.