During World War I several spies were executed there by firing squad. A yeoman warder in the traditional Tudor uniform at the Tower of London. Test your knowledge of the most daring escapes in history right here. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Copyright © Historic Royal Palaces 2020Historic Royal Palaces is a Registered Charity (No. Immediately after his coronation (Christmas 1066), William I the Conqueror began to erect fortifications on the site to dominate the indigenous mercantile community and to control access to the Upper Pool of London, the major port area before the construction of docks farther downstream in the 19th century. They still wear a Tudor uniform and live within the Tower, and their responsibilities include guiding tours for the Tower’s two million to three million annual visitors. The White Tower, the central keep of the Tower of London. Tower of London. To learn more or change your settings, please see our cookie policy, Visiting Her Majesty's 1000-year old fortress without the usual crowds is the best way you can help us, Update 5 November: In line with government guidance, the Tower of London will be closed until 2 December. 1068852). Other notable inmates included Princess Elizabeth (later Elizabeth I), who was briefly imprisoned by Mary I for suspicion of conspiracy; the soldier and conspirator Guy Fawkes; the adventurer Sir Walter Raleigh; and Sir Roger Casement, who was arrested for treason during World War I. Explore London’s iconic castle and World Heritage Site without the usual crowds. It is held for the sovereign by a constable, who is now always a field marshal. All public outdoor areas of the Tower of London are open, as well as the Crown Jewels, South Battlements, Medieval Palace, Bloody Tower, Torture at the Tower exhibition and some floors of the White Tower. We use cookies on our site to provide you with a better experience and relevant advertising. All other buildings remain closed.

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In 1483 the adolescent king Edward V and his younger brother were last seen in the Tower before their disappearance and probable murder. The fortress was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1988. Corrections? Meet the famous ravens at the Tower of London and discover why they are known as the guardians of the Tower. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids!

All public outdoor areas of the Tower of London are open, as well as the Crown Jewels, South Battlements, Medieval Palace, Bloody Tower, Torture at the Tower exhibition and some floors of the White Tower. With restricted visitor numbers each day, you can safely explore the history of this famous fortress, palace and prison. We are a charity and there are several ways you can support us. During the 1990s restoration work was carried out in various parts of the Tower, notably in the medieval apartments in Wakefield and St. Thomas’s towers. See the Crown Jewels, the ravens, Bloody Tower, Medieval Palace, the public outside areas of the Tower of London and magnificent armour displays in the White Tower, including Line of Kings. The wall outside the moat has embrasures for cannons; beside them, modern artillery pieces are fired ceremonially on state occasions.

Tower of London is a popular tourist attraction situated on the bank of the River Thames.

By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Enjoy unlimited adventures at our palaces, a 10% discount in our shops and cafés, and exclusive events when you become a member of Historic Royal Palaces. Its moat and two concentric “curtains,” or walls, surround the White Tower. See what roles we have available and register your interest. If you love the palaces and believe in what we do, please consider supporting us or by visiting our online shop. Who was the man behind the mask?