[21] Its official title was The Royal Beulah Spa and Gardens.

Season 2012 saw Croydon finish on the bottom of the ladder and they were relegated to Division Two. In 2007, the music video for pop star Mika's single "Big Girl (You Are Beautiful)" was shot in various locations around the town, including High Street and Surrey Street Market. Kite! Local golfers can still play at the Dorset Golf Course, on Trawalla Road.[11]. At the 2016 Census, Croydon had a population of 26,946. In 1960 Croydon celebrated its millennium with a pageant held at Lloyd Park and an exhibition held at the old Croydon Aerodrome. [44], At Ruskin Square, a Boxpark made of sea containers opened in 2016 as a temporary measure until new buildings are constructed for shops, offices and housing. [19] An Anglo-Saxon will made in about 960 is witnessed by Elfsies, priest of Croydon; and the church is also mentioned in Domesday Book. There has been considerable debate as to the 'viability' of the pool from Council. Increasing local opposition to the presence of allegedly unruly racegoers coupled with the need to obtain a licence from the local authority led to it being closed down in 1890.[24]. The grounds on which it has been turned down have invariably been that it is (as was stated in 1992) merely "part of the London conurbation, rather than a place with a character and identity of its own". Croydon FC is a member of the Eastern Football League. [104] These include Lloyd Park and Croham Hurst. The Lacey family from Essex, England named the area Croydon after Mrs Lacey's home town. The Croydon Cricket Club, established in 1886, plays at Croydon Park Oval.

The railway boom of the 1840s brought superior and faster steam lines and it closed in 1846. As aviation technology progressed and aircraft became larger and more numerous, it was recognised in 1952 that the airport would be too small to cope with increasing air traffic and its role was decreased.. The Prospect West office development was built in 1991 to 1992, and its remodelling planned in 2012[30] has now been completed.

[56] The John Laing Group is involved in the College Green development with the Croydon Council as part of a joint project called the Croydon Urban Regeneration Vehicle. These privileges set the area of the town apart from its rural hinterland, where the more usual and more restrictive rules of The Grade II listed West Croydon Baptist Church was built in 1873 by J. Theodore Barker. When the London Borough was created in 1965, the Council endeavoured to have it styled a City, as was the City of Westminster. Its three bays are divided by paired Doric pilasters supporting a triglyph frieze and panelled parapet. Historically part of the Diocese of Canterbury, Croydon is now in the Diocese of Southwark. The Fairfield Halls arts centre and event venue opened in 1962. [citation needed]. [3] Travellers would travel by rail to "Warrandyte" station and were then faced with a horse and coach ride to Warrandyte, some 10 km north, which was not well received by the vast majority of travellers, believing the Yarra River was close by.

It had a strong competitor in the Surrey Iron Railway and was never a financial success. Croydon Clocktower, built by the London Borough of Croydon in the mid-1990s, houses a state-of-the-art library, a performance venue in the old reference library, the David Lean Cinema - which is a small, independent, art-house cinema and the Museum of Croydon, which details Croydon's history. In 1831, one of England's most prominent architects, Decimus Burton, designed a spa and pleasure gardens below Beulah Hill and off what is now Spa Hill in a bowl of land on the south-facing side of the hill around a spring of chalybeate water. To the south lies South Croydon, and going further south are Purley and Sanderstead. Croydon Vision 2020 aims to tackle this though such solutions as making the road easier for pedestrians to cross by creating a centre island pathway. Regular meetings became established first on a course at Park Hill in 1860 and from 1866 at Woodside, where particularly good prizes were offered for the races run under National Hunt rules. [68] In the later Middle Ages – probably from the late 13th century onwards – residents of the town of Croydon, as defined by boundary markers known as the "four crosses", enjoyed a degree of self-government through a town court or portmote, and a form of free tenure of property. Croydon is home to the BRIT School for performing arts and technology, based in Selhurst, which has produced stars such as Adele, Jessie J, Amy Winehouse, Leona Lewis, Katie Melua, Katy B, Kate Nash, Imogen Heap, Rizzle Kicks, Dane Bowers and members of the Feeling & the Kooks. Its Domesday assets included 16 hides and 1 virgate of land; a church; a mill worth 5s; 38 plough-teams; 8 acres (3.2 ha) of meadow; and woodland for 200 hogs. Includes; noise, air and other pollution; pest control; flooding and more, Includes health and social care for adults and children; fostering and adoption; public health and more, Includes advice on council and private housing; paying your council house rent; resident involvement; reporting council property repairs and more, Includes libraries; parks; sports; arts and entertainment and more, Includes parking permits; paying parking fines; roads and pavements; public transport information and more, Includes planning permission; building control; regeneration and more. The Warehouse Theatre opened in 1977. The town is also at the centre of the only tramway system in southern England. However, Croydon did not hold any kind of formal borough status. 1 Croydon (formerly the NLA Tower)[29] designed by Richard Seifert & Partners was completed in 1970. Croydon Parish Church is the burial place of six Archbishops of Canterbury: John Whitgift, Edmund Grindal, Gilbert Sheldon, William Wake, John Potter and Thomas Herring. In 1882 a single rail track was constructed through to Lilydale. Measure for growth: Number of new cases per day and 100,000 inhabitants. In 1925 the Croydon section of the Lilydale railway line was electrified, with electrification arriving at Lilydale a month later. For centuries the area lay within the Wallington hundred, an ancient Anglo-Saxon administrative division of the county of Surrey. Croydon is a large town in south London, England. With the opening of the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway line to London Victoria in 1860 extra platforms were provided at East Croydon, which the LBSCR treated as a separate station named New Croydon. Its local government area is the City of Maroondah. It was opened in 1803, had double track, was some 8.5 miles (13.7 km) long and ran from Wandsworth to Croydon, at what is now Reeves Corner. Orchards were soon established and thrived.

The 1990s saw further changes intended to give the town a more attractive image. It developed into one of the great airports of the world during the 1920s and 1930s. These included the closure of North End to vehicles in 1989 and the opening of the Croydon Clocktower arts centre in 1994. [40], On 26 November 2013, Croydon Council approved a redevelopment of the Town Centre by The Croydon Partnership, a joint venture by The Westfield Group and Hammerson. The main concert hall was used for the conference scene in the Ron Howard film The Da Vinci Code (2006). Croydon Amphibians SC plays in Division 2 British Waterpolo League. In 1805 it was extended to Merstham as the Croydon, Merstham, and Godstone Railway. The South Eastern Railway (SER) was excluded from this station, which ran exclusively LBSCR services to London at fares cheaper than those the SER offered from the original station. Sun Hill Police Station is in nearby Mitcham. We all have to do our part to keep Croydon safe. [54][55] Plans include an art gallery, a new college, shops and offices, with a multi-storey car park set for demolition to make space for 218 homes.

From the mid-1880s Croydon started to develop and Mr James Hewish built his home and several other business ventures, including a general store, news agency, butchers shop and hotel, and planted various orchard trees. External features include a rich red brick facade with black headers, and a heavily carved and enriched wooden eaves cornice.[88][89]. Croydon has a Non-League football club, Croydon F.C. The Croydon area is served by a weekly newspaper, the Maroondah Leader. The Zotefoams company is headquartered in Croydon. It became a popular society venue attracting crowds to its fêtes. It travelled north largely along the course of the present railway line to New Cross Gate, where it joined the Grand Surrey Canal and went on into the River Thames. [60] However, plans for a new shopping centre, to be called Park Place, had already been abandoned amid a scandal about cash for peerages. Daryl Braithwaite, Kate Ceberano, Vanessa Amorosi, Paul Kelly, Johnny Diesel, Hunters and Collectors, The Living End, 28 Days, Bodyjar, Frenzal Rhomb, Spiderbait, Kisschasy and even a few international acts, including Sonia Dada. Dating back to the 16th century, this Grade II listed building still retains all its original Tudor features. Jenkins Lane Croydon, Victoria, Australia. In addition, the Broad Green ward was ethnically 23% White British, 13% Indian, 13% Other Asian, and 11% Black African. [116] The sub-colleges were created in 2007. He grew up in Croydon and sang in the church choir at St George's and taught at the Crystal Palace School of Music and many other schools of music. A draft petition was submitted by the County Borough to the Home Office in 1951, a more formal petition in 1954, and two more applications in 1955 and 1958.

Artists such as Benga and Skream, who honed their production and DJing skills whilst working at the now defunct Big Apple Records on Surrey Street, along with Norwood's Digital Mystikz, DJ Chef, Timi Korus and Thornton Heath's Plastician, form the core roster of dubstep DJs and producers. Records show that the premises has been a shop for at least 163 years, where street directories from 1851 give the names of E. C. Johnson & Thorpe. Cicely Mary Barker, author and illustrator of the Flower Fairies series of books, was born in Croydon. cmc@croydoncreativedirectory.com . In 1908 Croydon Hall, in Mt Dandenong Road, was built. [10] In season 1998 it returned to play in Division One. Croydon was a leisure destination in the mid 19th century. In 1889, because the population was high enough, it was made a county borough, exempt from county administration. The Tramlink tram system opened in 2000; Croydon is its hub. It has over 13,000 students attending one of its three sub-colleges.

Coronavirus (COVID-19): See information and service updates. In response to this, in 1849 Croydon became one of the first towns in the country to acquire a local board of health. These include the 54-storey "Menta Tower" in Cherry Orchard Road near East Croydon station, and a 55-storey tower at One Lansdowne Road, on which construction was set to begin in early 2013.