In 1858, while collecting on the island of Ternate, he came up with the idea of evolution by natural selection. It is split into three parts: first, an extract from a manuscript by Darwin; second, an abstract of a letter from Darwin to Professor Asa Gray, dated 1857, included to reinforce that Darwin did not steal Wallace's ideas; and, finally, the essay written by Wallace.
Wallace was co-founder with Charles Darwin of the theory of evolution by random variation and natural selection, but unlike Darwin he saw teleology or purpose as essential to life’s history, and a teleological view as essential to the life sciences. James Moore, in his biography of Charles Darwin in The New Encyclopedia of Unbelief, writes: “In an age when science and society were founded on creationist beliefs, Charles Darwin solved the ‘mystery of mysteries’ of his day: namely, how living species originate. The parallel development of theories of evolution by natural selection by Wallace and Darwin provides an interesting glimpse of the diverse backgrounds and experiences of those practising natural history in the middle of the 19th century.

Darwin was amazed by the manuscript as Wallace’s concepts of evolution by natural selection were nearly the same as his own. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. Alfred Russel Wallace contacted Darwin with a full report outlining a theory of evolution by means of natural selection before it was published. Fisher, R. A.
From a letter by Charles Darwin to Alfred Russel Wallace dated May 1 1857 It was in 1858 whilst he was laid up with a malarial fever at Ternate, in the Celebes Islands, that a possible solution to the method of evolution flashed into form in Wallace's mind. While it is common to credit Charles Darwin with inventing or discovering the concept of evolution, many natural philosophers of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries were already talking about this concept. This content was created by a Daily Kos Community member.

It sold out its initial printing on the first day and was reissued in six revised English editions and eight foreign translations during Darwin’s lifetime.”.

The scientific friendship between Alfred Russel Wallace and Charles Darwin has become one of the most famous relationships in the history of science. Regarding the reception of Origin of Species, archaeologist Brian Fagan, in his textbook Men of the Earth: An Introduction to World Prehistory, writes: “This monumental volume was greeted initially with both effusive praise and vicious criticism, as scientists and churchmen took sides over the issue of the Creation. Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. Based on these observations, Darwin put forth the idea that those individuals which had the most favorable variations would have the best chance at survival and reproduction. False Alfred Russel Wallace stole Darwin's ideas and took credit for them. Darwin persuaded the British government to award Wallace a pension for services to science. This prompted Darwin to publish On the Origin of Species.

Alfred Russel Wallace The theory of evolution by natural selection was jointly proposed by Darwin and Wallace in this scientific article, which was first read at a meeting of …

This prompted Darwin to seek publication of the manuscript he had been working on for some time. Daily Kos moves in solidarity with the Black community. But gradually the echoes of controversy died away as Darwin’s revolutionary theories were bolstered by more and more field observations.”. (This content is not subject to review by Daily Kos staff prior to publication.).